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   Horšovský Týn

 

   Horšovský Týn stretches on both banks of the Radbuza river in the southwestern part of Plzeň region. The number of inhabitants on January 1st 2007 was 4799. Important communication links to Domažlice and border crossings with Bavaria go through this place. The town used to be an important residential place of Prague bishops and archbishops. In the times of Hussite wars the catholic town resisted repeated attacks of the Hussites. From the 16th century to the half of the 20th century Horovský Týn and its large grounds were property of important noble houses of Lobkovitzs and Trauttmansdorffs. Today Horšovský Týn attracts visitors for its imposing castle with a park and an unspoiled historical centre which has been claimed registered landmark reserve.

   One of the most favourite sights is the Bishop Castle in Horšovský TýnCastle, which was transformed into a renessaince residence in the 16th century It is open for the public in six sightseeing routes gothic castle, renessaince castle, kitchen, burgrave house (town museum), heraldy hall and Mitsuko. The natural landscape park, which belongs to the castle, belongs with its size of 40 hectares covered with rare species of trees to one of the most important ones in west Bohemia. In 1996 it was declared a national monument. You can see several interesting objects in the park baroque granary, Widow House, viewtower Loreto Chapel and Ball Hall. The castle park is an ideal place for short walks.


   Many historical houses are preserved in the town. They are bounded mainly around the picturesque square.

   Right in the historic centre in the square the bell tower attracts attention. It is a square building from the first half of 19th centruy in classicist style. Inside the tower is a bell that has 184cm in diameter, weighs 3 tonnes and has 5,8m in girth.
 

   A beautiful view of picturesque town is offered after you mount 98 steps of the tower in the Church of St.Peter and Paul. The tower is 38m high and is open for public in July and August. St.Peter and Paul´s Church in the square was built in 1280s in early gothic style. It
was rebuit in baroque style after 1708.

   Another attractive building in Great suburb is the gothic church of St.Apolinair from the middle of the 13th century. It belongs to the oldest church buildings in the town. In the direction to Stíbro you can meet baroque Capuchin monastery houses from 1650 - 1654. The monastery consists of a church and a three-wing building of the monastery that is supplemented by a self-standing builing of the abbey southwestwards.

   Many cultural events take place in the town. The most important are the Fair of St.Anna always taking place in July and Old Czech Christmas fair with alive Creche taking place in December.

   Historical and natural places of interest await visitors also in the neighbourhood of Horšovský Týn. A commmon destination for tourists is a group of hills covered with woods called Sedmihoří. An educational path goes over the hills with granite stones and rocks.